Students in the Border Service Learning Course collaborate with Sonora Health Department Personnel to collect Pertussis data along the U.S.-Mexico border.
Border health is a range of shared public health issues that span the international border and necessitates binational collaboration to be effectively addressed.
Border health is an important and related area of public health, which has grown over time in the US and Mexico border region. While border health has only been a focus of federal and state health departments since the 1990’s, Arizona has been a leader with a unique history of binational work and collaboration with our sister state of Sonora on many fronts such as Public Health and Health Services, Arts and Culture, Environment, Transportation, Commerce, Education, Agriculture, among others. Many if not all of these issues are intimately related to public health as they address the social determinants of health.
Arizona and Sonora’s efforts in the arena of health focused on prevention of communicable diseases through surveillance and report sharing. Currently, programs now address a broad array of issues preparedness and emergency response, mental and behavioral health, environmental health, and chronic disease prevention.
In general, health disparities among border populations that span the two thousand mile border region are well-defined and prominent compared to the general population. The University of Arizona Mel & Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health along with a host of other universities, a host of non-governmental organizations, local, state, and federal governmental organizations on both sides of the international boundary are actively involved in addressing the health and healthcare needs of border residents.